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An aggregation of news on the web about CSIR and its laboratories

Archive for February 2010

AUV’s trial to be conducted again in Kerala

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25 February 2010

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: After the successful preliminary trial of the indigenously developed Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) in a Kerala reservior, the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute is expected to carry out another round of experiment in the same lake this year.

senior scientist in-charge of the project said the trial conducted in the Idukki Dam reservoir, one of the largest in the country, was a success.

“Another round of trials will be held in the same lake before trying it in the sea,” the scientist said from CMERI at Durgapur, a Research and Development Institute under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

“We chose Idukki reservoir in Kerala since it offers the required parameters for conducting the test”, the scientist said, speaking on condition of anonymity…..Read complete news item…..

Written by csirindia

February 28, 2010 at 10:16 am

Posted in CMERI

Gujarat built world’s first naval dockyard

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25 February 2010

By Ashish Vashi and Harit Mehta

AHMEDABAD: About 75 km from here lies a landmark of Indian maritime history. Archaeologists believe the first tidal dockyard in the world was built in Lothal. A port city, Lothal was the focal point of Harappan civilisation in Gujarat.

Built here was the earliest known dock in the world, equipped to berth and service ships. Lothal engineers studied tidal movements and their effects on brick-built structures and constructed kiln-burnt brick walls.

In a paper ‘Foraminifera As Tool In Marine Archaeology’, Rajiv Nigam of National Institute of Oceanography states: “With the help of foraminiferal occurrence it was conclusively proved that the rectangular structure at Lothal, Harappan settlement, was a dockyard — first naval dockyard of the world as claimed by archaeologists — and not a fresh water storage tank. The studies also provided support for archaeological inference about great floods at 2000 and 1500 BC.”…..Read complete news item…..

Written by csirindia

February 28, 2010 at 10:09 am

Posted in NIO

Noise and Air Pollution in major cities

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24 February 2010

The ambient air quality is regularly being monitoried by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in association with concerned State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs)/ Pollution Control Committees (PCCs) and the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) at 365 locations in 141 cities and towns across the country, including Kanpur, under the National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP). The analysis of ambient air quality data for the last 03 years has revealed that the levels of particulate matter having size less than 10 micron (PM10) have exceeded the prescribed norms in the majority of cities, including Kanpur. However, there is no clear trend.

The levels of Sulphur Dioxide are within prescribed norms across the country and the levels of Nitrogen Dioxide are within norms in most of the cities including Kanpur. Rapid urbanization, industrialization, growing population of vehicles, burning of biomass, use of generator sets and resuspension of dust are the main reasons of air pollution in cities…..Read complete news item….

Written by csirindia

February 28, 2010 at 10:08 am

Posted in NEERI

Ministry puts mining clearances on hold in Goa

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22 February 2010

The Government has imposed a moratorium on granting environmental clearances for mining proposals in Goa till such time the State finalises its mineral policy.

In a letter to the Goa Chief Minister, Mr Digambar Kamat, the Environment Minister, Mr Jairam Ramesh, conveyed his decision to put a moratorium on the consideration of mining proposals for Goa till the mineral policy for the State was finalised and the Environment Ministry informed.

“I am advising the officer concerned to return all the proposals pending for consideration to the proponents, and not to accept any new proposal for the State of Goa,” Mr Ramesh wrote in a letter to Mr Kamat.

………Mr Ramesh also felt that the time had come for a comprehensive environmental impact assessment study of all mining activity across the country. The Environment Ministry is planning to rope in the Nagpur-based National Environmental Engineering Research Institute to conduct the study to identify remedial measures to reduce the impact of mining on the environment…..Read complete news item……..

Written by csirindia

February 28, 2010 at 10:06 am

Posted in NEERI

Delhi’s roads are the deadliest

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23 February 2010

By Aman Sharma

NEW DELHI: Delhi is the most unsafe city in India for pedestrians, government records show. The latest ‘Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India – 2008’ report of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) says as many as 589 pedestrians were crushed to death on the Capital’s roads in 2008.

More people die on Delhi’s roads than any other Indian city of comparable size; in fact, Mumbai, with 3.6 million more people than Delhi, has only around half the number of road fatalities – 302.

……Dr S. Gangopadhyay, director, Central Road Research Institute, feels pedestrian facilities in Delhi leave much to be desired. “In developed countries, pedestrians are given the top priority,” he said.

“This is missing in Delhi. There are zebra crossings but most people don’t use them, most signals do not work. Worse, rash driving leads to high pedestrian deaths.” There are other faults that Delhi has, he said. Delhi may have constructed subways and foot- overbridges (FOBs) for pedestrians, but security inside the subways – especially for women – is a problem after dark. “Several pedestrians, including most women, refuse to use them due to security issues,” he said…….Read complete news item…..

Written by csirindia

February 24, 2010 at 9:31 am

Posted in CRRI

No new mining in ‘fragile’ Goa, orders Jairam Ramesh

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22 February 2010

By Shalini Singh

In what could prove to be a major setback for the Rs 6, 000 crore mining industry in Goa, the Union minister for environment and forests (MoEFF) Jairam Ramesh in a stern letter on Monday has told the Goa chief minister Digambar Kamat that the ministry has “imposed a moratorium on consideration of mining proposals for environmental clearance… till the mineral policy for the state of Goa is finalised.”

Ramesh has also called for a “comprehensive environmental impact assessment of all the mining activities that has taken place and for which permissions have been given over the last few years” in his letter, adding that the study should also identify remedial measures for which he plans to ask Nagpur-based National Environmental Engineering Research Institute to carry out the study….Read complete news item….

Written by csirindia

February 24, 2010 at 9:28 am

Posted in NEERI

Signs of global warming

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22 February 2010

KOCHI: With the Indian Meteorological Department stating that last year was hotter than the previous years, the focus has once again turned to climatic changes due to global warming.One of the most comprehensive papers that looked at the various factors has been from the scientists at the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa.“We were exploring the response of the Arabian Sea to global warming and its possible impact on frequency and intensity of cyclones, summer, monsoon, rainfall, wheat production, land vegetation cover and frequency of heat spells,’’ said S Prasanna Kumar, a senior scientist and one of the authors of the paper…..Read complete news item…

Written by csirindia

February 24, 2010 at 9:18 am

Posted in NIO